Appendix B

BAS Structured Cabling

v1.0 1/22/2018

 

 

 

SCOPE

This section describes the products and execution requirements relating to furnishing and installation of Communications Cabling and Termination Components and related subsystems as part of a Structured Cabling Systems for the project. The specific cabling may support “Data”, “BAS”, and network security applications as noted.

 

Work may also include removal and recycling of unused, documents and otherwise “abandoned” cables. Refer to project drawings and Part 3 of this Section under “Salvage Materials”.

 

Included are the following topics:

PART 1 - GENERAL

Scope

Related Work

References

Design Intent

Quality Assurance

Submittals

 

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

Backbone Twisted-Pair Copper Cable

Building Entrance Terminal

Backbone Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber Optic Splice Hardware

Coaxial Cable (wideband Video)

Equipment Outlet

Modular Patch Panel

Terminal Blocks

Fiber Optic Termination Enclosure

Flexible Nonmetallic Innerduct and Fittings.

Surface Raceway

Miscellaneous Materials

 

 

 

PART 3 - EXECUTION

General

Salvage Materials

Backbone Cable System Topology and Cable Size Requirements

Cable Installation

Building Entrance Terminal

Equipment Outlet

Innerduct

Cable Termination

Identification and Labeling

Testing and Acceptance

Documentation

As-Built Construction Drawings

Warranty

Campus Outside Plant Documentation

Construction Verification

 

RELATED WORK

Applicable provisions of Division 1 govern.

 

REFERENCES

All work and materials shall conform in every detail to the rules and requirements of the National Fire Protection Association, the Pennsylvania Electric Code and present manufacturing standards. All materials shall be listed by UL and shall bear the UL Label. If UL has no published standards for a particular item, then other national independent testing standards shall apply and such items shall bear those labels. Where UL has an applicable system listing and label, the entire systems shall be so labeled.

 

Other applicable standards (plus applicable update bulletins and errata) are as follows:

General

       ANSI/IEEE C2 - National Electric Safety Code

 

Structured Cabling and Infrastructure

       TIA-568.0-D, 568-C.2, 569-C, 606-B and TIA standards referenced therein.

       ANSI/TIA-862-B - Structured Cabling Infrastructure Standard for Intelligent Building Systems.

       ICEA publication S-80-576-202

       ANSI/TIA - 526-14-C ad 526-7

       IEEE/ANSI 142-1982 Recommended Practice for Grounding of Industrial Commercial Power Systems.

       ICEA publications S-80-576-2002

       ANSI/TIA 526-14-C and 526-7

       TIA 607-C Commercial Building Grounding (Earthing) and Bonding Requirements for Telecommunications.

 

DESIGN INTENT

General

The structured Cabling System is based on a purpose built set of cables and termination locations.

 

All cables and related termination, support and grounding hardware, bonding, shall be furnished, installed, wired, tested, labeled and documented by the contractor, as detailed in the following sections.

 

Provide all labor and materials necessary to construct the system as described herein. This includes - but is not limited to - furnishing and installing cable, cable supports, innerduct, racking and termination components, termination, testing, labeling, and documentation.

 

Refer to Part 2 - PRODUCTS, Part 3 - EXECUTION and the project drawings for applicable cable and connectivity types and installation requirements.

 

Backbone Cabling

Inter-Building Backbone Cabling - sometimes referred to as “Outside Plant (OSP)” - connects Main Cross-connect locations between buildings.

 

Intra-Building Backbone Cabling-sometimes referred to as “inside Plant (ISP)” - connects the Main Cross-Connect location (e.g. Main Equipment Room) with cross connect location(s) (e.g. Telecom Room) in a building.

 

Horizontal Cabling

Horizontal Cabling System links the termination in the work area (Equipment Outlet (EO) or security device connector) to the Horizontal Cross- connect serving the location (e.g. Telecommunications Room (TR) or Equipment Room (ER)). This cabling and the related connectors (both ends) is referred to as the “Permanent Link” in this section  

 

 

QUALITY ASSURANCE

Manufactured Items

The Manufacturer(s) of cabling and connectivity components shall be a company specializing in and having a minimum of five (5) years documented experience in producing product similar to those specified in this and related sections.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bidder Qualifications

The contractor shall have been in the line of business for a minimum of five (5) years.

 

Contractor shall have necessary certifications to provide for Guarantees as specified herein.

Contractor shall be an active participant in Installers Program operated by Manufacturer of Cabling or Termination Components used. Contractor shall be a participant in the program at time of the Bidding and remain so throughout project.

 

Contractor shall have on the project team at a minimum one (1) certified Installer trained by the manufacturer(s) of the cabling, hardware and accessories installed under this project.

 

At least (1) member of each test team shall be factory trained/certified in use of the test equipment. The project foreman shall have been factory trained in the use of the test equipment.

 

Contractor shall have attended the OPP BAS certification Workshop and be in good standing with the certification program and the OPP BAS Department prior to the time of bidding.

 

Mockups

The contractor shall build mockups for Floor-box and/or Poke Through Assembly and cable terminations as applicable to verify selections made under Sample submittals, to demonstrate configurations, capacity and aesthetics and to set quality standards for fabrication and installation.

 

 

SUBMITTALS

General

Under the provisions of Division 1, prior to the start of work, submit:

       Shop Drawings.

       Schedule of Values.

       Bidder Qualifications.

 

Group Submittals to include complete documentation of related systems and accessories in a single submittal.

 

Submittals shall be original catalog sheets, in electronic format (PDF), original documents only no scans or edited documents. See pdf Guidelines doc.

 

Identify each proposed product with a mark or reproducible highlight.

 

Where multiple options for a particular product may apply (color, construction features etc.), identify the applicable option(s)

 

Where applicable, mark dimensions in unite to match those specified.

 

The Engineer shall review the Submittals and through annotation and/or a cover sheet, provide comment via bluebeam.

 

Work Shall not proceed with the Engineer’s review of the submitted items.

 

Additional submittals (Test Plan, Test Results, Documentation, Record Documents, etc.) required during and in follow-up to construction are detailed in Part 3 .

 

 

Shop Drawing Submittal

Submit documents including:

 

Manufacturer’s Product data for all products proposed indication constructions materials, ratings, and all other parameters identified in Part 2. (Products ) below. Structured Cabling submittal shall include Test Data confirming cabling performance.

 

       Manufacturer’s installation instructions.

       Upon request by the Engineer, one (1) two-foot section of each cable type to be utilized for final approval  by the Engineer. This two-foot section shall have the manufacturer’s cable markings visible. Upon request, samples from every reel to the site shall be provided

.

Schedule of Values Submittal

Include in the breakdown of the proposed values for work to be performed-as submitted to the Construction Representative:

       Materials (Line-Item per Class of Material - CAT6, Fiber Optics,  Equipment Racks, etc.)

       Labor - Mobilization

       Labor - Installation

       Labor - Testing

       Labor - Documentation

       Labor - Training

       Additional categories as appropriate

 

 

 

 

Bidder Qualifications

Upon request, furnish project experience and certification documentation list as identified under “Quality Assurance / Bidder Qualifications” above.

 

Certifications confirming contractor status as an active participant in Installers Program operated by Manufacturer of Cabling or Termination Components used shall be from the manufacturer.

 

Contractor shall provide proof of attendance to the OPP BAS certification Workshop. The OPP BAS Department Shall provide documentation of the bidders standing with the department.

 

For each project listed provide:

       Name and location of installation.

       Date of initial operations of system by owner. ( Minimum period of operation for referenced project shall be 12 months).

       Owner’s representative to contract on their telephone number.

 

 

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

 

TWISTED-PAIR COPPER CABLE

General

Cable shall be UL-listed and be compliant with NEC Article 800 (Communication Circuits).

 

Cable shall meet the physical and electrical requirements of the cable as defined the referenced standard.

 

Cables shall incorporate 23 AWG solid, annealed, copper conductors. All conductors shall be continuous and splice free. Bridge taps are not allowed.

 

Conductors shall be identified in accordance with the Cabling Color and Identification Specification.

 

Cable count shall be as detailed on the project drawings.

 

BACKBONE FIBER OPTIC CABLE

General

Cables shall incorporate Optical fibers meeting the specifications detailed in the subsection(s) below. Backbone Fiber Optical Cable sizing (fiber count) shall be per Project Drawings.

 

 

Duct Type Fiber Optical Cable

This cable shall be suitable for installation in underground duct.

 

Cable materials shall be all dielectric (non conductive material).

Exception: Where armored cable is specified, that cable element may be metallic.

 

[Cable shall incorporate a corrugated Steel Armor to provide for added protection and resistance to rodent attack.]

 

Cable shall incorporate a dry water-blocking material, to prevent the incursion of water into the cable.

 

Cable jacket shall be free of holes, splits, and blisters.

 

The cable jacket shall be marked with the manufacturer’s name, words identifying the cable type (e.g. “Optical Cable” or Fiber Optic Cable”), year of manufacture, and sequential length markings in feet. The marking shall be in a contrasting color to the cable jacket.

 

Temperature Range:

Storage:                 -40° to +70°C (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Operating:              -40° to +70°C

Installation:                0° to +60°C

 

Humidity Range:                     0 to 100%

 

Maximum Tensile Load:

During Installation:     2700 Newton (600 lb. force) (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Long Term:                 800 Newton (180 lb. force)

 

 

Bending Radius:

During Installation:      20 times cable diameter

No Load:                     10 times cable diameter

 

 

Direct Buried Type Fiber Optic Cable

This cable be suitable for direct burial.

 

Cable shall be a Loose Buffer design.

 

Cable shall incorporate an interlocking Steel Armor to provide for a resistance to rodent attack. All other cable materials shall be dielectric (non conductive materials).

Cable shall incorporate a dry water- blocking material, to prevent the incursion of water into the cable.

 

Cable Jacket:

Material: Polyethylene (PE). The PE shall be compounded to provide protection against the effects of ultraviolet light and limit the growth of fungus.

 

Cable jacket shall be marked with the manufacturer's name, words identifying the cable type (e.g. “Optical Cable or “Fiber Optic Cable”), year of manufacture, and sequential length markings. The actual length of cable shall be within-0/+1% of the length markings. The marking shall be in a contrasting color to the cable jacket.

 

 

Temperature Range:

Storage:                              -40° to + +70° C ( with no irreversible change in  attenuation).

Operating:                           -40° to + +70° C

 

Humidity Range:                                 0  to 100%          

 

Maximum Tensile Load :                 

During Installation:                2700 Newton (600 lb. force) (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Long Term:                             800 Newton (180 lb force) ( with no irreversible change in attenuation)

 

Bending Radius:

During Installation                   20 times the cable diameter.

No Load:                                 10 times the cable diameter.

 

 

Indoor Type Fiber Optic Cable

This cable shall be suitable for installation in building riser systems, in conduit, in cable tray or in innerduct.

 

Cable shall be a Tight Buffer design

 

Cable materials shall be all dielectric (non conductive material).

Exception: Where armored cable is specified, that cable element may be metallic .

 

Cable shall be rated: [OFNR (Optical Fiber Nonconductive Riser)] [OFNP (Optical Fiber Nonconductive Plenum)] [OFCR (Optical Fiber Conductive Riser)] [OFCP (Optical Fiber Conductive Plenum)]

 

Outer Sheath: As required for rating

 

The outer sheath shall be marked with manufacturer's name, date of manufacture, fiber type, flame rating, UL symbol, and sequential length markings every two feet.

 

[If armor cable is required the cable shall incorporate an interlocking metallic Armor to provide for added protection]

 

Temperature Range:

Storage:                                          -40° to +70°C (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Operation:                                          0° to +70°C

 

Humidity Range:                                            0 to 100%

 

Max Tensile Load:

>12 - fibers

During Installation:                         1332 Newtons (300 lb. force) (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Long Term:                                      600 Newtons ( 135 lb. force)

 

<12 - fibers

During Installation:                         1000 Newtons (225 lb. force) (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Long Term:                                       300 Newtons (67 lb. force)

 

Bending Radius

During Installation:                              20 times cable diameter

No Load:                                             10 times cable diameter

 

 

Indoor/Outdoor Fiber Optic Cable

Cables shall be suitable for installation in multiple environments including underground duct and inside the project building(s)

 

Cable shall be a loose-tube design

 

Cable materials shall be all dielectric (non conductive material)

Exception: Where armored cable is specified, that cable element may be metallic .

 

Cable shall incorporate an interlocking Steel Armor to provide for a resistance to rodent attack. All other cable materials shall be dielectric (non conductive materials).

 

Cable shall be rated: [OFNR ( O ptical F iber N onconductive R iser)] [OFNP ( O ptical F iber N onconductive P lenum)] [OFCR ( O ptical F iber C onductive R iser)] [OFCP (O ptical F iber C onductive P lenum)]

 

Cable shall incorporate a blocking material, swellable yarn, or other means to prevent the incursion of water into the cable.

 

Cable construction shall be as required to meet the specific rating.

 

The Cable Jacket sheath shall be marked with the manufacturer’s name, words identifying the cable type (e.g. “Optical Cable” or “Fiber Optic Cable”), date of manufacture, and sequential length markings. The marking shall be in a contracting color to the cable jacket.

 

Temperature Range:

Storage:                                     -40° to +70°C (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Operation:                                  -40° to +70°C

Installation:                                -30° to +70°C

 

Humidity Range:                                            0 to 100%

 

Max Tensile Load:

During Installation:                 2600 Newtons (300 lb. force) (with no irreversible change in attenuation)

Long Term:                               800 Newtons (180 lb. force)

 

Bending Radius

During Installation:                              20 times cable diameter

No Load:                                             10 times cable diameter

 

 

HORIZONTAL PERMANENT LINK.

General

The Horizontal Cable System is based on the installation of 4-pair, copper twisted-pair cables from the Equipment Outlet to the Horizontal Cross-connect (wiring hub). The combined cable and termination hardware is referred to as the “Permanent Link”.

 

Unshielded Twisted-Pair (UTP) is the default choice for the horizontal cable unless noted otherwise.

 

 

Where a shielded cable is called for, the cable shall incorporate an overall foil shield under the cable jacket and no shielding arounds individual pairs.

 

This cable is referred to herein as “F/UTP- foiled Unshielded Twisted-Pair. “ScTP - Screened Twisted-Pair” is also sometimes used in industry publications to describe the cable type.

 

Cable and Termination Components (jack, patch Panel / Wiring Blocks) are specific to function as a system. The compatibility of the Cable to be installed with the proposed termination components shall be recognized and documented by the Termination Component Manufacturer.

 

All Horizontal Link Cable shall be of the same manufacturer throughout the project.

 

All Horizontal Link connectivity components shall be of the same manufacturer throughout the project.

Exception: Where identified for 4-pair cable termination as a security device, Module Plug may be from a manufacturer other than that providing other Horizontal Link connectivity.

 

Performance

Where cable, Component and Permanent Link performance is specified to “Exceed Category 6”, performance shall be defined as follows:

 

       Manufacturer’s published literature shall document performance margins over worst-case ANSI/TIA 568-C.2 Category 6 Channel requirements for Power, Sum Attenuation-to-Crosstalk Ratios (PSACR). Channel- as tested- shall include 4-connections (minimum). Data shall be verified by independent source (e.g. ETL. Intertek)

       Performance Margins shall be greater than zero (0) at all frequencies up to and including 250-MHz. PSACR shall remain positive at all frequencies up to and including 250-MHz.

 

Where Cable Component and Permanent Link performance is specified to “Meet Category 6A” performance shall be defined as follows:

 

       Meet or exceed ANSI/TIA Category 6A criteria.

       Performance Margins exceeding those defined by the referenced standard are not required. PSACR shall remain positive at all frequencies up to 500-MHz.

 

Cable and connection components that comprise the “Permanent Link” shall meet or exceed the requirements for “DTE Power via MDI” to provide at least 25W at the Powered Device as defined by the IEEE 802.3at-2009 “Power over Ethernet Plus (PoE+)” standard.

 

 

Project Requirements

Cable shall be listed as being suitable for use in the environment defined.

 

Cable Rating: [CM] [CMR] [CMP] or approved substitutes as defined by the NEC.

 

Cable and connectivity type, performance and features for included applications are as follows:

 

       Workstations Link (to Equipment Outlet)

       Performance:   Exceed Category 6

       Cable type:      4-pair UTP

       Cable jacket:    color

       Data [Solid Green] see Cabling Color and Identification Spec.

       Modular Jack Pinning and Color

       Data [T568B] [Solid Green]

 

HORIZONTAL TWISTED-PAIR CABLE

All Cables and Termination hardware shall be technically compliant with and installed in accordance with the referenced ANSI/TIA documents and perform as required to provide the margins stated herein.

 

All cables shall be suitable for installation in the environment defined.

 

Cables shall be Underwriters Laboratory (UL) listed, comply with Article 800 (communication circuits) of the National Electric Code and shall meet the specifications of NEMA (low loss), UL 444, and ICEA.

 

Construction:

Horizontal Cables shall be constructed of individually twisted pairs with 23-AWG (category 6 and 6A) - as applicable - insulated solid copper conductors.

 

Pairs shall be identified by identified by a banded color code in which conductor insulation is marked with a dominant color and banded with a contrasting color as follows:

 

Pair 1: White-Blue / Blue (or Blue/White)

Pair 2: White-Orange / Orange (or Orange/White)

Pair 3: White-Green / Green (or Green/White)

Pair 4: White -Brown / Brown (or Brown/White)

 

Cable Rating shall be as identified in the above article “Horizontal Permanent Link”

 

Cable Jacket color shall be as identified in the above article “Horizontal Permanent Link”

Cable shall be packed in a way that minimizes tangling and kinking of the cable during installation.

Cable performance shall be as required to meet the specified Permanent Link and Channel performance as specified in the above Article “Horizontal Permanent Link”

 

Horizontal Cable Termination

Refer to Part 2 article “Equipment Outlet”, “Modular Patch Panel” and Termination Blocks”

 

Termination hardware performance shall be as required to meet the criteria defined in “Horizontal Cabling / Performance” above.

 

 

FIBER OPTIC SPLICE HARDWARE

General

Splices in fiber optic cables shall be allowed only where specifically identified on drawings or specified herein.

 

Splicing Hardware shall be:

 

Designed specifically for use in the splicing of fiber optic cables.

 

Sized to accommodate the cable type(s) and counts planned at each splice location.

 

Incorporate a clamping mechanism to secure the incoming cables, to prevent movement (e.g. bowing, pistoning, or breaking) of the cable central member, and to prevent cable sheath slip or pull out.

 

Splicing Hardware shall accommodate Splice Trays suitable the splicing type specified.

 

Separate Splice Tray shall be used for each fiber bundle (e.g. buffer tube) unless otherwise approved by the Engineer.

 

Splice Hardware (incl. Enclosure and / or Closure and Splice Trays) shall be designed to organize adequate slack to allow for re-splicing.

 

Fiber splices shall be individually secured and protected per cable manufacturer's recommendations.

 

Splice Tray dimensions shall not result in spliced fibers being subjected to a bend radius smaller the minimums recommended by the cable manufacturer.

 

 

 

Splice Closure

Splice closure shall be used at locations where a sealed assembly is required and/or where identified on the project drawings.

 

The splice closure housing shall:

 

Be non-metallic.

 

Be resistant to solvents, chemicals and other materials to which it might be exposed in normal applications.

 

Be resistant to stress cracking and creep.

 

Encapsulation shall not be required to be made moisture tight and resist water penetration.

 

Closure and sealing components (e.g. gaskets, grommets, O-rings) shall meet Telcordia GR-771-CORE, Issue 1 (1994) requirements relating to entry of water into the closure after thermal aging, water immersion and freeze/thaw cycles

 

Splice Closure shall be re-enterable for system expansion or repair.

 

The splice closure shall incorporate hardware to facilitate the bonding and grounding of metal components in the closure and, if applicable, metallic cable elements (e.g. armor)

 

Splice enclosure (Indoor)

Splice Enclosure shall be used at indoor location where a sealed assembly is not required and /or where identified on the project drawings.

 

Enclosure shall be rack or wall mounted per the project drawings.

 

Units designed for rack mounting shall incorporate mounting brackets to fit into a 19-inch equipment rack with EIA/TIA universal hole spacing.

 

Enclosure shall provide storage and protection of fiber splices.

 

Splice Trays shall be individually accessible.

 

Enclosure shall allow cables and jumpers entry from left and right sides.

 

Rack mounted enclosures at a termination location shall incorporate top and bottom removable access panels at the rear of unit for vertical pigtail entry from the Enclosure to Connector Panel enclosure.

 

 

EQUIPMENT OUTLET

General

Station cables shall each be terminated at their designated location in the connector types described in the subsections below. Included are Modular Jacks, [Fiber Optic Connectors] These connector assemblies shall snap into a mounting frame. The combined assembly is referred to as the Equipment Outlet (EO).

 

 

MODULAR PATCH PANEL

Patch Panels shall incorporate Modular Jacks meeting the specifications for the Equipment O detailed in the above article “Equipment Outlet”.

 

Jack color shall meet the specification detailed in the “Cable Coloring and Identification Specification” under Category 6 cable.

 

Modular Patch Panel Shall be [rack-mounted] [wall-mounted] 

 

Rack mounted panel shall be [flat] [angled]

 

Wall mounted panels:

       Cable interface shall be on the front of the panel (same size as modular jacks) and be protected by a cover plate when in use.

       Shall incorporate a standoff bracket to allow for cabling to be routed behind the panel.

 

Modular Patch Panel configuration shall not exceed 48 ports (2 rows of 24 ports each) in a 2 RU panel.

 

Modular Patch Panel cable terminations shall:

       Have the ability to seat and cut 8 conductors (4 pairs) at a time and shall have the ability of terminating 22-26 gauge plastic insulated, solid copper conductors.

       Be designed to maintain the cable’s pair twist as closely as possible to the point of mechanical termination.

       Include color coded designation strips or other markings to identify conductor position.

 

Modular Patch Panels shall incorporate cable support and/or strain relief mechanisms to secure cables at the termination block and to ensure that all manufacturers’ minimum bed radius specifications are adhered to.

 

Modular Patch Panel performance shall be as required to meet the specified Permanent Link and Channel performance.

 

Panels on which F/UTP cable is terminated shall incorporate:

       Ground clip(s) or spade(s) to achieve continuity between the connector shield and cable shield.

       Ground Lugs (2)

 

 

HORIZONTAL JUMPER MANAGEMENT

Equipment Rack shall be equipped with Horizontal Jumper Management Hardware as to allow as orderly routing of twisted pair, optical fiber, and CAT6 jumpers from the patch panels to the customer provided network equipment.

 

Horizontal Jumper management hardware shall be:

 

       A 2 RU (3.5”), plastic or painted steel panel.

       Configured with a minimum of five (5) jumper distribution rings (1.75” x 3.75” minimum dimension)

       Configured with a cover.

 

Termination Blocks

General

 

Blocks shall be 110-type

 

The mechanical termination shall:

       Have the ability of terminating 22-26 AWG plastic insulated, solid copper conductors.

       Provide direct connection between the cable and jumper wires.

 

Each row shall be capable of terminating:

       Six (6) - pair (Horizontal) cables using 4-pair Termination Clips.

       Twenty Five (25) pair groups (backbone cables) using 5 pair Termination Clips.

 

Block performance shall be as follows:

       Horizontal Cabling: Category 6 or 6a

 

Blocks shall incorporate a label holder which is to be used to identify the cable pairs. Label shall be color coded to indicate cabling type. Refer to Appendix A - Cable Coloring and Identification.

 

 

 

 

FIBER OPTIC TERMINATION ENCLOSURE

Fiber Optic Connector

 

The Optical Connector shall be [LC] [SC] [ST] -type.

 

The connector ferrule shall be ceramic or glass-in-ceramic . The optical fiber within the connector ferrule shall be secured with an adhesive or mechanical process to prevent pistoning and other movement of the fiber strand.

 

The use of connector designs that feature a pre-cleaved fiber stub and factory polished connector assembly are acceptable for termination of Intra-building (ISP) backbone cabling on PSU projects. Acceptable mean for mating the cable fiber with the fiber stub include mechanical and fusion splice methods.

 

Termination of Inter-building (OSP) fiber optic cabling shall be by fusion splicing of factory-terminated cable assemblies (e.g. ‘pigtails’) to the installed cable.

 

The Connector Body shall be a Composite material.

Exception: Connector body of ST-type connectors (if applicable) may be metal.

 

The attenuation per mated pair shall not exceed the following values:

 

Single-Mode                             0.75dB

 

Mated pair attenuation shall include in-connector stub splice or splice used to splice pigtail to backbone cable.

 

These values shall hold throughout the Cable System. Connectors shall sustain a minimum of 200 mating cycles per EIA/TIA- 455-21 without violating specifications.

 

The connector shall meet the mechanical performance criteria of the applicable EIA/TIA-455 Fiber Optic Test Procedures (FOTP)

 

Connector End-Faced finish:

 

Single-mode                             Ultra Physical Contact; UPC

                                          [Angled Physical Contact; APC]

 

Color of Connector Body or strain-relief boot and LC Connector shall indicate fiber as follows:

 

Single-mode (SC/APC) – Green connector with Green strain-relief.
                                            -  LC end: blue with white, or blue with blue.

 

Strain-relief boot of ST Connector (if applicable) shall indicate fiber type as follows:

 

Single-mode: Yellow

 

 

Reflectance (max) when mated with a patch-cord up of connectors of comparable design:

 

Single-mode                             -40dB

Single-mode (APC)               -65dB

 

 

Enclosure and Adapter Panels.

All terminated fibers shall be mated to [Duplex SC] [Duplex LC] [ST] Adapters. Adapters shall be mounted on a panel that, in turn, snaps into the enclosure. The proposed enclosure shall be designed to accommodate a changing variety of connector types.

 

Color of Adapter (all except ST-type) shall indicate fiber type as follows:

 

Single-mode (UPC) - Blue

Single-mode (APC) - Green

 

Fiber Optic Patch Panels shall be rack-mounted.

 

Fiber Optic Patch Panel enclosure shall be sized to accommodate the total fiber count to be installed at each location as defined in the specification and drawings- including those not terminated (if applicable).

 

Unit height shall be 2 RU minimum to simplify access.

 

Fiber Optic Patch Panel shall be enclosed assemblies affording protection to the cable subassemblies and to the terminated ends. The enclosure shall incorporate a hinged or retractable front cover designed to protect the connector couplings and fiber optic jumpers.

[unit shall be lockable.]

 

The patch panel enclosure shall provide for strain relief of incoming cables and shall incorporate radius control mechanisms to lint bending of the fiber to the manufacturer’s recommended minimums or 1.2”, whichever is larger.

 

Access to the inside of the patch panel shall provide protection to both the “facilities” and “user” side of the coupling. The patch panel enclosure shall be configured to require front access only when patching. The incoming cables (e.g. Backbone, ) shall not be accessible from the patching areas of the panel. The enclosure shall provide a physical barrier to access of such cables.

 

Where termination is to include splicing of factory-terminated cable assemblies, Patch Panel enclosure shall be sized adequately to accommodate the required splice hardware and fiber slack. Alternately, a separate enclosure may be used. The splice hardware shall not be accessible from the “user” side of the enclosure. Refer to Part 3 article “Splicing Procedure - Fiber Optic” for installations and performance requirements.

 

 

FLEXIBLE NONMETALLIC INNERDUCT AND FITTINGS .

General

Flexible Non-metallic Innerduct (e.g. “Innerduct”) may be used as follows:

 

To segment conduit(s), increasing their capacity,

 

As protection to backbone fiber optic cables when installed in cable tray, and/or

 

As protection to fiber optic cable(s) within equipment rooms and Telecommunications Rooms.

 

Innerduct shall be corrugated.

 

Where not installed in a continuous length, innerduct segments should be spliced using couplings designed for the purpose.

 

Any vacant innerduct shall be equipped with a pull cord capped at all ends to inhibit the entry of water and contaminants.

 

Normal duct size shall be 1 inch (minimum).

 

Innerduct should be rated (e.g. Flame - retardant, or Plenum) as required by the installation environment. Riser and Plenum innerduct shall be of a color contrasting to the of the “Standard” and Flame-retardant innerduct. The preferred colors are Orange (“Standard & Flame-retardant”) and White (Riser and Plenum)

 

 

Flame-retardant Innerduct

Innerduct installed within buildings (not including riser paths) or utility tunnels shall meet all of the above general requirements plus:

 

Be fabricated of flame-retardant materials suitable for installation such environments, and

 

Meet or exceed all requirements for flame resistant duct as required by Bellcore TR-NWT-000356 (section 4.33)

 

Riser-rated Innerduct

Innerduct installed without building riser shafts shall meet all of the above general requirements plus:

 

 

Be fabricated of flame-retardant materials suitable for installation such environments, and

 

Meet or exceed all requirements for flame propagation as specified by test method UL-1666 and referenced by the National Electrical Code (NEC) Section 770-154 for listed optical fiber raceways being installed in ducts, plenums and other areas for environmental air, and

 

 

Plenum-rated Innerduct

 

Be fabricated of flame-retardant materials suitable for installation such environments, and

 

Meet or exceed all requirements specified by the National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 90A and 262 for Plenum spaces. Testing for fire and smoke characteristics shall be per UL-910.

 

 


Miscellaneous Materials

Patch Cords

 

Patch Cords are required to meet or exceed all of the requirements of the cable and terminations.

 

 

 

 

Part 3 - EXECUTION

 

GENERAL

Refer to Project Drawing which indicate Equipment Outlet locations, major cable routes and terminations location(s) with each building.

 

Furnish and install all cables, connectors, hardware and equipment as shown on drawings and as specified above.

 

It is the contractor’s responsibility to survey the site and include all necessary costs to perform the installation as specified.

 

The contractor will be responsible for identifying and reporting to the PSU Project Manager any existing damage to walls, flooring, tiles and furnishings in the work area prior to start of the work. All damage to interior spaces caused by the installation of cable, raceway or other hardware must be repaired by the Contractor. Repairs must match pre existing color and finish of walls, floors and ceilings. Any contractor-damaged ceiling tiles are to be replaced by the contractor to match color, size, style and texture at zero cost to the Client.

 

Where unacceptable conditions are found, bring this to the attention of the PSU Project Manager immediately,. A written resolution will follow to determine the appropriate action to be taken.

 

Beginning installation means contractor accepts existing conditions.

 

Should it be found by the Engineer or FAS Staff that the materials or any portion thereof furnished and installed under this contract fail to comply with the specifications and drawings with the respect or regard to the quality, value of materials, appliances or labor used in the work, it shall be rejected and replaced by the Contractor and all work disturbed by changes necessitated in consequence of said defects or imperfections shall be made good at the Contractor’s expense.

 

All cables, termination components and support hardware shall be furnished, installed, tested and documented but the Contractor unless noted otherwise.

 

 

SALVAGE MATERIALS

Remove and recycle unused, undocumented and otherwise “abandoned” cables prior to the completion of the project.

 

The OPP FAS Department shall be responsible for identifying and labeling all abandoned cable within the boundary of this project.

 

“Abandoned Cable” is defined per NEC 2011 Articles: 640, 645, 725, 760, 800, 820 and 830. Further definition is contained in NFPA -75, NFPA -76 and NFPA-90A.

 

 

Disconnect abandoned Equipment Outlets and remove devices. Abandoned Equipment must be reviewed by OPP FAS representative prior to recycling. The FAS Department retains the right to retain the equipment for reuse.

 

Remove cabling and communications devices in walls, floors, and ceilings scheduled for removal.

 

Provide blank cover for abandoned Equipment Outlet boxes that are not removed.

 

Schedule work with Client and other contractors.

 

Except where noted on the project drawings, materials removed shall be recycled and the funds received from the recycling shall be returned to PSU in the form of a check made out to the University Only, not any named person or other company.

 

Maintain materials and equipment to be turned over to PSU and/or reused in condition equal to that existing before work began. Repair or replace materials or equipment damaged by the Contractor at no additional cost the University.

 

 

BACKBONE CABLE SYSTEM TOPOLOGY AND CABLE SIZE REQUIREMENTS .

 

Backbone Optical Fiber and Copper Pair counts in the cables to be supplied are detailed on the Project Drawings.

 

Prior to construction, verify pair count with the Engineer to confirm capacity of the backbone copper cabling to support the intended connectivity to the Horizontal Cabling.

 

 

 

 

 

Cable Installation

General

Install all cables in continuous lengths from endpoint to endpoint. No splices shall be allowed unless noted otherwise.

 

Cable shall be suitable for the installation environment through which it passes. General Purpose or Riser rated installed in a Plenum area shall be in conduit.

 

Furnish all required installation tools to facilitate cable pulling without damage to the cable jacket. Such equipment is to include, but not limited to, sheave, winches, cable reels, cable reel jacks, duct entrance tunnels, pulling tension gauge and similar devices. All equipment shall be of substantial construction to allow steady progress once pulling has begun. Makeshift devices, which may move or wear in a manner to pose a hazard to the cable, shall not be used.

 

Pull all cable by hand unless installation conditions require mechanical assistance. Where mechanical assistance is used, care shall be taken to ensure that the maximum tensile load for the cable as defined by the manufacturer is not exceeded. This may in the form of continuous monitoring of pulling tension, use of a “break-away” or other approved method.

 

Use a swivel between the pull-line and pulling grip to prevent the pull line from imparting a twist to the cable.

 

Complete all work using qualified personnel utilizing state-of-the-art equipment and techniques. During pulling operation an adequate number of workers shall be present to allow cable observation at all points of duct entry and exit, as well as to feed cable and operate pulling machinery.

 

Pull cable in accordance with cable manufacturer's recommendations and ANSI/IEEE C2 standards. Manufacturer’s recommendations shall be a port of the cable submittal. Recommended pulling tensions and pulling bending radius shall not be exceeded. Any cable bent or kinked to a radius less than recommended dimension it shall be replaced by the contractor with no additional cost to the project. In the event that OPP FAS has supplied the cable to the project. Damaged cable will be supplied by the client and the cost of the cable shall be deducted directly from the retention funds associated to the Mechanical Contractor [if BAS is a sub] or directly from the BAS vendor if is a prime. These fund shall be returned to the OPP FAS department and are never to be considered available for the project to use.

 

All wiring shall be run “free-air”, in conduit, in a secured metal raceway or in modular furniture as designated on the plan drawings. All cable shall be free of tension at both ends.

 

Avoid abrasion and other damage to cables during installation.

 

Pulling lubricant may be used to ease pulling tensions. Lubricant shall be of a type that is non-injurious to the cable jacket and other materials used. Lubricant shall not harden or become adhesive with age.

 

All cable shall be free of tension at both ends. In cases where the cable must bear some stress, Kellem grips may be used to spread the strain over a longer length of cable.

 

Manufacturer's minimum bend radius specifications shall be observed in all instances.

 

A pull cord (nylon ⅛” minimum) shall be co-installed with all cable installed in any conduit.

 

 

Protection of cable from foreign materials:

Provide adequate physical protection during construction to prevent foreign material applications or contact with any cable type.

 

Foreign material is defined as any material that would negatively impact the validity of the manufacturer's performance warranty. This includes, but is not limited, to overspray for paint (accidental or otherwise, drywall compound, or any other surface chemical, liquid, or compound that could come in contact with the cable, cable jacket or cable termination components.

 

Overspray of paint on any cable, cable jacket or cable termination components will not be accepted.

 

Use of any cleaning agents to remove overspray shall be per the cable manufacturer’s written consent.

 

It shall be the Contractor’s responsibility to replace any component in its entirety affected by a foreign material. This shall be at no additional cost to the project. In the event that OPP FAS has supplied the cable to the project. Damaged cable will be supplied by the client and the cost of the cable shall be deducted directly from the retention funds associated to the Mechanical Contractor [if BAS is a sub] or directly from the BAS vendor if is a prime. These fund shall be returned to the OPP FAS department and are never to be considered available for the project to use.

 

Should the manufacturer and/or warrantor of the structured cabling system desire to physically inspect the installed condition and certify the validity of the structured cabling system (via a signed and dated statement by an authorized representative of the structured cabling manufacturer), the Client may, at their sole discretion agree to accept said warranty in lieu of having the affected cables replaced.

 

In the case of plenum cabling, in addition to the statement from the manufacturer, submit a letter from a local Authority Having Jurisdiction stating that they consider the plenum rating of the cable to be intact and acceptable.

 

 

Fiber Optic Cable Installation  

Provide cable slack in each Backbone fiber optic cable. This slack is exclusive of the length of fiber that is required to accommodate termination requirements and is intended to provide for cable repair and/or equipment relocation.

 

Store cable slack in a fashion as to protect it from damage and be secured in the termination enclosure or a separate enclosure designed for this purpose. Multiple cables may share a common enclosure. Slack requirements in the various subsystems is as follows:

 

Backbone Intra-Building: A minimum of 5- meters (approx. 15-feet) of slack cable (each Cable) shall be coiled and secured at one (1) end - preferably at the Entrance Room and/or Main Equipment Room. Cable slack installed other than at each end of the cable run shall not be allowed.

 

Backbone Fiber Optic Cable [shall] [shall not] be installed in a protective innerduct.
[This includes areas where the cable is routed in cable tray and where making a transition between paths (e.g. between conduit & cable tray or into equipment racks).  The preference for the use of inner-duct is site-dependent. Confirm requirements with local Agency and consult with PSU Engineer for guidance.]

 

 

NOTE TO DESIGN ENGINEER:
Include only where project includes splicing of fiber optic cable. Otherwise delete in it's entirety.

 

Splicing Procedure - Fiber Optic

 

Size enclosure based on cable type(s), cable count and total fiber count. Counts shall not exceed maximums recommended by the splice enclosure manufacturer.

 

Provide adequate slack cable to allow for splicing operations to be performed in a protected area.

 

For cabling installed in underground ducts, this slack shall be adequate to perform the splice in a tent or vehicle positioned in an accessible area adjacent to the maintenance hole in which the splice is to be secured.

 

For cabling installed on an aerial route, this slack shall be adequate to perform the splice in a tent or a vehicle positioned in an accessible area adjacent to utility pole closest to where the splice is to be secured.

 

 

Prepare Splice Enclosure and cables per manufacturers recommended procedures.

 

Configure splice as a “Butt” splice (all cables enter same end of enclosure).

 

Secure each cable central member and strength element(s) individually.

 

Bond metallic cable elements and make continuous through the splice. Bond to ground

Splice optical fibers using the fusion method. Individual splice loss shall not exceed:

 

0.3 dB for Single-mode fibers.

 

Secure and protect finished splices in Splice Tray(s) per splice enclosure and cable manufacturer’s recommendations.

 

Complete and seal splice enclosure.

 

Secure cable slack.

 

For cabling installed in underground ducts, coil cable slack in maintenance hole. Diameter of coil shall meet minimum cable bend radius requirements.

 

For cabling installed on an aerial route, run cable slack along messenger and use cable “sno shoe” product per manufacturer’s recommendations.

 

 

Horizontal (station) Cable Installation.

Refer to the project Drawings which identify the location of the Horizontal Cross-connect and Equipment Outlet (EO) locations.

 

Route Horizontal Cabling on each Floor to the Telecommunications Room (TR) on the floor or to the designated TR if on another floor.

 

The maximum station cable drop length for Data UTP (Cat 6) shall not exceed 295-feet (90-meters) in order to meet data communications performance specifications. This length required for the installation and termination.

 

The Contractor is responsible for installing station cabling in a fashion as to avoid unnecessarily long runs. Any area that cannot be reached within the above constraints should be identified and reported to the Engineer prior to installation.

 

Changes to the plan shall be approved by the Engineer.

 

 

Where installed free-air, installation shall consider the following:

 

Cable shall run at right angles and be kept clear of other trades work.

 

Support cables according to code utilizing “J-Hook” or “Bridle Ring” supports anchored to ceiling concrete, or structural steel beams. Cable support devices shall be designed to maintain cables bend to larger than the minimum bend radius.

 

J-Hooks shall incorporate a metal wire or other type closure to retain the cables.

 

Bridle Rings shall be equipped with “saddles” to maintain the required bend radius.

 

Space supports at a maximum 4-foot interval unless limited by building construction. If cable “sag” at mid-span exceeds 6-inches, another support shall be used.

 

Do not place cable directly on the ceiling grid or attach cable in any manner to the ceiling grid wires.

 

Do not attach cables to existing cabling, plumbing or steam piping, ductwork, ceiling supports or electrical or communications conduit.

 

Cable ties shall not be used to organize or secure cables.

 

Protect cable sheaths from damage from sharp edges. Where a cable passes over or through a sharp edge or hole, provide a bushing or grommet to protect the cable.

 

Place a coil of 4 feet in each cable shall in the ceiling at the last support (e.g. J-Hook, Bridle Rings etc) before the cables enter a finished wall, conduit, surface raceway or box. At any location where cables are installed into movable partition walls or modular furniture via a service pole, approximately 15-feet of slack shall be left in each station cable under 250-feet to allow for change in the office layout without re-cabling. These “service loops” shall be secured at the last cable support before the cable leaves the ceiling. Minimum coil diameter shall be 8-inches.

 

 

 

 

At all Telecommunications Rooms (TR), provide approximately 10-feet of slack in each station cable to allow for changes in the telecommunication room layout without re-cabling.

 

This slack shall not be required where a horizontal cable length in excess of 295-feet would result.

 

Secure cable to the cable runway about the equipment racks.

 

Cable bend(s) shall be 200% of the cable recommended minimum bend radius or greater.

 

Minimum separation distances between communications wires and cables, and any electric light, power, Class 1, non-powered fire alarm, or medium power network=powered broadband communications circuit shall comply with NEC Article 800.

 

In addition, to reduce or eliminate EMI, the following minimum separation distances shall be adhered to:

 

Thirty-nine (39) inches from transformers and motors.

 

Cabling installed in cable tray shall be separated from fluorescent lamps and associated fixtures by a minimum of 5 inches (125 mm)

 

Zero pathway separation distance is permitted when electrically conductive communications cables power conductors or both are enclosed in metallic pathways that meet the following conditions:

       Metallic pathway(s) completely enclose the power conductors and are continuous

       Metallic pathway(s) are properly bonded and grounded per ANSI/TIA-607-B; and

       Walls of the pathway(s) have a minimum thickness 0.04 in (1 mm) normal if made of steel (½” EMT minimum)

 

No separation is required between power and telecommunications cables crossing at right angles.

 

All opening shall be sleeved and fire stopped per prevailing code and building constructions rating upon completions of cable installation.

 

Within the equipment room in which Data Cabling is to be terminated, as with the rest of the install use only Hook and Loop (Velcro) ties to the point of termination. This is to facilitate the addition of future cables.

 

Fit all Connectors (e.g. modular jacks) with a dust cover.

BUILDING ENTRANCE TERMINAL

Provide a listed primary protector on all inter-buildings backbone capper pairs.

 

Bond Building Entrance Terminals (BET) to an approved ground using a #6 AWG solid copper conductor.

 

If a special tool in required to open the BET housing, provide (1) tool for each BET locations. Turn over as “miscellaneous materials” to PSU Construction Representative at completion of the work.

 

 

INNERDUCT

Where required by the project design, install fiber optic cable in protective innerduct.

 

Innerduct shall be riser or plenum rates as required by the installation environment. At minimum, innerduct should extend to the ladder rack above the termination enclosure at system endpoints.

 

Where not installed in a continuous length, splice innerduct segments using couplings designed for the purpose.

 

Identify all exposed innerducts is to be labeled at 35-foot (minimum) intervals with tags indicating ownership, the cable type (e.g. “Fiber Optic Cable”) and the # of cables it contains.

 

Contractor shall determine optimum size and quantity to satisfy the requirements of the installation ensure that the mechanical limitations - including Minimum Bend Radius - of the cable are considered

 

Extend innerduct into the termination enclosure at system endpoints.

 

 

CABLE TERMINATION 

General 

At the Telecommunications Rooms, position all Data Cables on termination hardware in sequence of the Outlet I.D. starting with the lowest number.

 

Termination Hardware (Blocks and Patch Panels) Positioning and Layout must be reviewed and approved by the OPP FAS Department. The review does not exempt the Contractor from meeting any of the requirements state in this document.

 

At each Equipment Outlet (or security device where terminated in a Modular Plug), terminate cabling per manufacturer's recommendations.

Terminate Plus using pin/pair assignments as identified in the above article “Horizontal Permanent Link”.

 

Where F/UTP cabling is provided , maintain continuity of the shield from t Modular Patch Panel to EO or Modular Plug.

 

Cable Termination - Modular Patch Panels

Install Modular Patch Panel(s) in a fashion as to allow future cabling to be terminated on the panel without disruption to existing connects.

 

Size Modular Patch Panels to accommodate a minimum of 20% growth in the quantity of stations relative to the initial installation.

 

Cable designated for cameras -where applicable-shall be terminated on patch panel separate from other 4-pair horizontal cabling.

 

At Equipment Outlet and Modular Patch Panel, ensure that the twists in each pair are preserved to with within 0.5- inch of the termination for Data Cables. The cable jacket shall be removed only to the extent required to make the termination.

 

Cable Termination - Fiber Optic

Provide Fiber Optic Patch Panels configured with connector couplings adequate to accommodate the number of fibers to be terminated.

 

Terminate all optical fiber using the specified connector type.

 

Mate all terminate fibers to couplings mounted on patch panels. Couplings shall be mounted on a panel that, in turn, snaps into the housing assembly. Any unused panel positions shall be fitted with a blank panel inhibiting access to the fiber optic cable from the front on the housing.

 

Provide and organize couplers as follows:

 

Fibers from multiple locations may share a common enclosure. They must, however, be segregated on the connector panel and clearly identified.

 

Connectors from different location shall never share a common coupling panel.

 

Install Duplex Couplers (where applicable) with polarity (e.g. keyway orientation) on each end opposite that of the other end (i.e. A-B, A-B… on one end and B-A, B-A… on the other). Polarity shall be per TIA-568 (referenced version). Refer to that standard for further detail.

 

Position optical fibers consecutively and mapped “position for position” between patch panels. There shall be no transpositions in the cabling. “Reverse-pair positioning” in not allowed.

 

Fit all couplings with a dust cap.

 

Provide slack in each fiber as to allow for future re-termination in the even of connector or fiber end-face damage. Adequate slack shall be retained to allow termination at a 30” high workbench positioned regardless to the termination enclosure(s). A minimum of 1-meter (~39”) of slack shall be retained regardless of panel position relative to the potential work area.

 

Where “loose Buffered” Cables are installed, use a manufactured “fan-out” kit whereby individual fibers are secured in a panel position relative to the potential work area.

 

Clean all fibers once mated to adapters and protect with dust cap. Follow manufacturer's recommendations of cleaning technique and products.

 

At the Main Cross-connect ,[mate with F-type feed-through couplings mounted on rack-mounted patch panel][coil and secure terminated cable. Provide adequate slack for cables to reach distribution hardware.

 

Size Patch Panels (if applicable) to accommodate 20% growth in the number of cables terminated.

 

 

IDENTIFICATION AND LABELING

** Needs Development**

 

Prior to installation, provide samples of all label types planned for the project to the OPP FAS Department for approval. These samples shall include examples of the lettering to be used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TESTING AND ACCEPTANCE

General

Prior to testing, provide a summary of the proposed test plan for each cable type including equipment to be used, set-up, test frequencies or wavelengths, results format etc. Failure to provide the above information shall be grounds for the Owner/Engineer to reject any and all Documentation for Results on related testing and to require repeat of the affected test at no cost to the University.

 

Visually inspect all cabling and termination points to ensure that they are complete and conform to the wiring pattern defined herein. Provide to the OPP FAS Department with a written certification that this inspection has been made.

 

Conduct acceptance testing according to a schedule coordinated with PSU Project Manager.

 

Representatives of the Owner may be in attendance to witness the test procedures. Provide a minimum of one (1) week advance notice to allow for such participation.

 

Provide Test Plan as part of this notice or sooner if possible.

 

Supply all equipment and personnel necessary to conduct the acceptance tests.

 

All equipment used in testing shall be maintained and calibrated per manufacturer's guidelines. Provide documentation of equipment calibration.

 

Document all tests. Refer to the Article “Documentation” below which details requirements.

 

Perform tests related to connected equipment of others only with the permission and presence of Contractor involved.

 

All cabling shall be 100% fault free unless noted otherwise. If any cable is found to be outside the specification defined herein, that cable and the associated termination(s)  shall be replaced at the expense of the contractor. The applicable tests shall then be repeated, at no cost to the University.

 

Should it be found by the Engineer that the materials or any portion thereof furnished and installed under this contract fail to comply with the specifications and drawings, with the respect or regard to the quality, amount of value of materials, appliances or labor used in the work, it shall be rejected and replaced by the Contractor and all work distributed by changes necessitated in consequence of sad defects or imperfections shall be made good at the Contractor’s expense.

 

 

HORIZONTAL 4-PAIR COPPER CABLING

General

Testing shall be from the Equipment Outlet to the Modular Patch Panel (or Wiring Block) at the TR on which the cables are terminated.

 

The cabling must pass all the specific requirements. Conditional passing test results that are within the measurements accuracy of the test equipment (e.g. “*PASS”) are not acceptable

 

Cables shall be free of shorts within the pairs, and be verified for continuity, pai validity and polarity, and Wire Map (Conductor Position on the Modular Jack).

 

Additional testing of Cabling Systems rated at TIA Category 6 and higher shall be performed to confirm proper functioning and performance.

 

Performance Testing

Testing of the Transmission Performance of cables shall include the following:

 

Length

Attenuation (Insertion Loss)

Pair-to-Pair NEXT Loss

PSNEXT Loss

Attenuation-to-Crosstalk Ratio (ACR)

Power-sum ACR (PSACR)

Propagation Delay

Delay Skew

Return Loss

 

Cables shall be tested to the maximum frequency defined by the standards cover that performance category. Transmission Performance Testing shall be performed using a test instrument designed for testing to the specified frequencies. Test records shall verify “PASS” on each cable and display the specified parameters - comparing test values with standards based “templates” integral to the unit. Test method shall document all parameters specified by the standard.

 

Performance testing shall be per ANSI/TIA - 568-C2 Permanent Link configuration and procedures.

 

Where margin(s) over compliance with the identified standard(s) is specified, field very that the necessary margin are met and take corrective actions necessary to remedy out-of-spec links.

 

In order to establish testing baselines, cable sample of known length and of the cable type and lot installed shall be tested. The cable may be terminated with an 8-position Modular plug (8-pin) to facilitate testing. New Propagation Velocity (NPV) and nominal attenuation values shall be calculated based on this test and available from the cable manufacturer for the exact cable type under test.

 

 

FIBER OPTIC CABLE

General

The fibers utilized in the installed cable be traceable to the manufacturer. Upon request by the Owner, provide cable manufacturer’s test report for each reel of cable provided. These test reports shall include:

 

Manufacturer’s on the reel attenuation test results at the specified wavelengths for each optical fiber of each reel prior to shipment from the manufacturer.

 

On-the-reel Bandwidth performance as tested at the factory.

 

Tests Prior to Installation

At the Contractor’s discretion and at no additional cost the Owner, Contractor May perform tests deemed necessary by the Contractor to ensure integrity of any Owner furnished optical fiber. Tests may range from a simple “flashlight test” to an OTDR of each optical fiber of each cable reel prior to installation. Upon request, supply this test data to the Engineer prior to installation.

 

 

Tests After Installation

Upon completion of cable installation and termination, test Fiber Optic cabling to include:

 

Optical Attenuation (“Insertion Loss” Method)

 

Verification of Link Integrity (OTDR)

 

Optical Attenuation Testing

Measure Optical Attenuation on all terminated optical fibers in at least one direction of transmission using the “Insertion Loss” method. Measurement shall be inclusive of the optical connectors and couplings installed at the system endpoints. Access Jumper length (each end) shall be 1 to 5 meters (3.3 to 16.4 ft).

 

Test single-mode fibers in accordance with TIA-568 and 526-7 (Method A.1; one jumper reference) at 1310 nm (nominal) and 1550 nm.

 

 

Attenuation of optical fibers (all fiber types) shall not exceed the values calculated per TIA-5680.D.

 

Single-mode fiber where cable length <300 meters and includes no splices - 1.8dB.

 

Cable > 300-meters or any cable containing splices - 2*C+L*F+S dB

Where C is the maximum allowable Connector Loss (in dB), L is the length of the run (in kilometers) and F is the maximum allowable Fiber Loss (in dB/km). S is the total splice loss (#of splices *max. Attenuation per splice).

 

OTDR Testing

Document all fibers - even those that are left un-terminated - in both directions of transmission using an Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR)

 

Test single-mode fibers at 1310 nm (nominal) and 1550nm

 

 

OTDR(s) used testing shall incorporate high-resolution optics optimized for viewing of short cable sections. Set Pulse Width to shortest width usable and still obtain clean trace.

 

Use jumpers of adequate length at both ends of cable under test to allow viewing of the entire length  of the cable, including the connectors at the launch and tail end.

 

OTDR traces revealing a point discontinuity greater than 0.1 dB in a single mode fiber at any of the tested wavelengths or and discontinuity showing a reflection at that point shall be a basis for rejection of the fiber by the Owner. The installation of that cable shall be reviewed in an effort to remove any external stress that may be causing the fault. If such efforts do not remove the fault, that cable and the associated terminations shall be replaced at the expense of the contractor.

 

Submitted traces should document connector Reflectance performance as meeting the specific criteria for the connector type(s) installed.

 

 

DOCUMENTATION

General

Upon completion the installation, provide project documentation to the Engineer for review. Documentation shall include the items detailed in the subsections below. Provide approved test results and documentation in Operating and Maintenance Manuals.

 

Submit documentation of Test Results in electronic form for review and distribution.

 

Where documentation provided in electronic form requires unique software (e.g. NATIVE formats) other than Adobe Acrobat Reader for viewing test results, provide one (1) copy of such software. The software can run on a desktop application or a web based application. Software shall include license if applicable.

 

Organize documentation by published naming convention.  Meet with BAS Group to discuss prior to implementation.

 

 

Provide final documentation via BOX. Interim documentation may be submitted to the Engineer for review via email or BOX.

 

Name file(s) and records to include building, route or other cable identifiers that match labeling formats used. Prefix file name with the PSU project number.

 

Provide test results and describe the conduct of the tests including the date of the tests, the equipment used and the procedures followed. At the request of the Engineer, provide copies of the original test results.

 

Submit Documentation within ten (10) working days of the completion of each testing phase (e.g. subsystem, cable type, area, floor etc.)

 

Interim documentation on a shorter schedule may be required to accommodate occupancy or other requirements. Confirm requirements during construction.

 

When such interim documentation is submitted, submit a composite results package containing all records at closeout.

 

This is inclusive of all test results and draft as-builts drawings. Draft drawings may include annotations done by hand (redlines)

 

Machine generated (final) copies of all drawings (record set) shall be submitted within 30 working days of the completion of each testing phase.

 

The Engineer or OPP FAS department my request that a 10% random field retest be conducted on the cable system at no additional cost to verify documented findings. Tests shall be a repeat of those defined above. If findings contradict the documentation submitted by the Contractor, additional testing can be requested at no additional cost to the Owner.

 

 

Test Data - Copper Media

Test results shall include a record of test frequencies, cable type, conductor pair and cable I.D., measurement direction, test equipment type, model and serial number, calibration date, test date, reference setup, and crew member name(s)

 

Submit Test Results for each cable in electronic form as follows:

 

In the native format of the test instrument (e.g. .flw for Fluke, .sdf for Agilent or Ideal, etc.).

 

Summarized in a fashion that includes a graphical display of key test parameters. The Summary shall be in pdf format and include all records. Individual documentation of the individual records (e.g. for each horizontal cable) are not required.

 

 

Test Data - Fiber Optic Media

Test results shall include a record of test wavelengths, cable type, cable and fiber I.D., measurement direction, test equipment type, model and serial number, calibrations date, test date, reference setup, and crew member name(s)

 

Use the US standard of measurement (e.g. “feet”) rather than the International Unit of measure (metric) unless otherwise instructed.

 

Submit Attenuation (Insertion Loss) Test Results for each fiber in electronic form as follows:

 

In the native format of the test instrument.

Summarized to include a list of all fibers and the corresponding attenuations and the “High” and “Low” values. The Summary shall be provided in .pdf format and include all records.

 

 

Submit OTDR in electronic form as follows:

 

In the native format of the test instrument.

 

Plots of individual optical fiber “signatures” (traces). Combine plots for all fibers in a cable into a single pdf file.

 

 

 

 

AS-BUILT CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS

Provide Record Drawings which denote as-built information.

 

Include cable routed and outlet locations.

 

Identify Telecommunications and other low-voltage Outlet locations by their sequential number as defined elsewhere is these documents. Numbering, icons and drawing conventions used shall be consistent throughout all documentation provided.

 

The Division Office of Physical Plant through the Project Manager - will provide floor plans in paper and electronic (AutoCAD dwg) formats on which as-built construction information can be added. These documents will be modified accordingly by the contractor to denote as-built information as defined above and returned to the Project Manager for acceptance. The schedule for creation of these drawings, including interim and final sets, shall be coordinated during construction to accommodate scheduled occupancy of documented area(s)

 

Annotate the base drawing and  return to the A/E in hard copy (same plot size as originals) and electronic (AutoCAD .dwg; 2014 file format) form. Refer to PSU “Policy and Procedure Manual for Architects/Engineers and Consultants” for file format, naming and other applicable guidelines.

 

Identify each drawing submitted by the Contractor as part of the Project Documentation as an “As-built” drawing and include

 

The contractor name and/or logo.

The date of the drawing.

 

Retain all fonts, color, layer, Model Space/Paper Space conventions established in the base drawings by the Contractor in preparation of the As-built drawings.

 

Prior to generation of the drawings, provide a sample file and test plot to the Engineer and FAS IT for review and approval.

 

All documentation, including hard copy and electronic forms shall become the property of Pennsylvania State University.

 

 

 

 

WARRANTY

See Division 1, GENERAL CONDITIONS, and GENERAL REQUIREMENTS - Guarantee Documents for general requirements.

 

Minimum Warranty period for Structured Cable System subsystem shall be as follows:

 

Horizontal Copper Permanent Link - 15 years. Warranty shall be direct from manufacturer(s) of cabling and connection components to Owner.

Exception: Where cabling is terminated in a modular plug, such links shall be covered by a 2 years system warranty. Cabling and Connection Components shall carry a 15 year manufacturer’s component warranty.

 

Fiber Optic Backbone - 2 years. Cabling and Connecting Components shall carry a 15 year manufacturer’s component warranty.

 

Other- [ADD language as required for hardware and/or cabling additions that are unique to the project. Otherwise delete.]

 

Warranties shall include all labor, material, and travel time.

 

Provide Warranty Certification of the Horizontal Copper by the manufacturer(s) cabling and connection components as part of system documentation.

 

Submit documents to manufacturer as required for Extended Warranties.

 

 

 

 

 

---- END of Appendix B ----